Russian Dolls

Malyutin's doll set consisted of eight dolls—the outermost was a girl in a traditional dress holding a rooster Some include Putin, Medvedev, Yeltsin, Gorbachev, Brezhnev, Khrushchev, Stalin, Lenin, and finally Czar Nicholas II, a total of 9 dolls Modern dolls often yield an odd number of figures but this is not an absolute rule; the original Zvyozdochkin set, for instance, had an even number Newer versions start with Vladimir Putin and then follow with Dmitry Medvedev, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Lenin Matryoshka dolls are often designed to follow a particular theme, for instance, peasant girls in traditional dress Common themes include floral, Christmas, Easter, religious, animal collections, portraits and caricatures of famous politicians, musicians, athletes, astronauts, 'robots,' and popular movie stars Soon after, matryoshka dolls were being made in several places in Russia and shipped around the world The upper part is placed on the lower half and allowed to dry, which tightens the ring to its upper fitting to ensure the halves will close securely During Perestroika, the leaders of the Soviet Union became a common theme of russian dolls

Modern artists create many new styles of nesting dolls

The form is approximately cylindrical, with a rounded top for the head, tapering toward the bottom, with few or no protruding features; the dolls have no hands (except those that are painted)

Some include Putin, Medvedev, Yeltsin, Gorbachev, Brezhnev, Khrushchev, Stalin, Lenin, and finally Czar Nicholas II, a total of 9 dolls

Malyutin's doll set consisted of eight dolls—the outermost was a girl in a traditional dress holding a rooster

Much of the artistry is in the painting of each doll, which can be very elaborate Modern dolls often yield an odd number of figures but this is not an absolute rule; the original Zvyozdochkin set, for instance, had an even number Production involves use of a turning lathe, along with various woodcarving knives and chisels The artistry is in the painting of each doll, which can be extremely elaborate Soon after, matryoshka dolls were being made in several places in Russia and shipped around the world After all the dolls are made, they are treated, painted, and coated, before nesting them inside one another Newer versions start with Vladimir Putin and then follow with Dmitry Medvedev, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Lenin Newer versions start with Vladimir Putin and then follow with Dmitry Medvedev, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Lenin Next, the bottom and top halves of the next doll are made separately, with a ring on the bottom made to fit into an inset on the top portion The first Russian nested doll set was carved in 1890 by Vasily Zvyozdochkin, designed by Sergey Malyutin, who was a folk crafts painter in the Abramtsevo estate of Savva Mamontov, a Russian industrialist and patron of arts The upper part is placed on the lower half and allowed to dry, which tightens the ring to its upper fitting to ensure the halves will close securely

No measurements are made during this process; sizing to fit is done by eye The figures inside may be of either gender; the smallest, innermost doll is typically a baby turned from a single piece of wood

See Dollcrafts.co.uk for more information